Andrenid bee on Pearly Everlasting flowers

Andrena sp. on Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)

NEW: Signs to identify your garden as pollinator habitat

For practical information on supporting wild pollinators, check out the following sources.

Gardening for native pollinators
Sources of native plants
Pollinator habitat on farmland
Homes for pollinators
Getting to know native pollinators
Identifying native plants
Pollinator researchers in Canada

Gardening for native pollinators

Ottawa Wildflower Seed Library

Plan your garden
Advice and tips for all pollinator gardeners, from beginners wondering where to start, to those who want to improvie their practices, to detailed information on which plants are preferred by which pollinators.

The Corner Pollinator Garden

Right in urban Ottawa, Berit Erickson has created a diverse and beautiful garden for pollinators, and she’s created a web site to share her experience and inspire others:

Just do it! Beginner native plant garden design for urban Ottawa (slides from a garden makeover webinar presented to the Enviro Crew of Old Ottawa South)

City of Guelph

Creating a pollinator garden
General how-to advice, plus valuable garden designs for a variety of sites, including shade, slope, boulevard, and rain gardens.

Canadian Wildlife Federation

Gardening for pollinators
Excellent and concise (4 pages) overview of pollinators, the challenges they face, and how you can help.

Ontario Stewardship Councils

A landowners’ guide to conserving native pollinators in Ontario
This 44-page guide includes information about our local bees, the challenges they face, how you can help. Lots of ideas, case studies, resources.

Pollination Guelph

Our downloads
A series of how-to sheets, suggestions, information, and plant lists to help you help pollinators.

Pollinator Partnership Canada

Selecting plants for pollinators: a guide for gardeners, farmers, and land managers in the St. Lawrence Lowlands region
Includes a description of our region, the pollinators found there, what they need (food, shelter, water, and a long list of plants they prefer.

Friends of the Earth Canada

Bee & bee: create your own bed and breakfast for bumgle bees
How to provide food and create habitat for bumble bees. Includes best gardening practices, and a Bee & Bee sign for your garden.

David Suzuki Foundation

How to create a pollinator-friendly garden
Attracting bees, building a mason bee house, best plants by season, make a bee bath.

Wild Pollinator Partners

Supporting wild pollinators in community gardens
If the plants in your community garden are flowering and productive, you are already receiving the free services of wild pollinators. You can show your appreciation, attract even more pollinators, and support all beneficial insects by taking some — or all! — of the following measures.

Supporting wild pollinators at your faith community
Wild pollinators provide critical life-support services on this planet. Yet they are
underappreciated and often overlooked. Faith communities, with their strong mandate to care for creation, are great allies in supporting a strong, resilient, biodiverse ecosystem, where native pollinators can flourish.

Rating pollinator habitat
Pollinators need space, food, water, and shelter for their populations to thrive. No matter the location, type, or size of the habitat, the flowering plants must provide nutrition and nesting space.

Seeds of Diversity Canada

Pollination Canada
Everything you need to know about supporting pollinators from why pollination is important to examples of gardens, farming, and other plantings.

Xerces Society

Pollinator conservation resources: Great Lakes region
Pollinator conservation resources: northeast region
Habitat assessment, habitat installation, plant lists, habitat management, and more.

Farms at Work

Nectar and pollen plants for native wild pollinators
Good list of trees, shrubs, and perennials known to attract pollinators, including information on bloom period, size, and growing requirements.


Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Pollinator health action plan
What the provincial government is doing to help bees and other wild pollinators: policy, public engagement, research, education.

Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques (Quebec)

La protection des pollinisateurs (in French)
L’importance des pollinisateurs, leur état de santé, des actions pour les protéger au Québec, surtout en matière des néonicotinoïdes.

Sources of native plants

A Cultivated Art Inc.

Watch for spring plant sales. But meanwhile, read up on over 200 species of native plants – characteristics, habitat and growing requirements, companion plants, and which pollinators use them.

Beaux Arbres
Bristol, Quebec

Specializing in plants native to the Ottawa Valley and garden-worthy wildflowers from eastern North America. Open most days from mid May until the end of September (please call ahead to confirm: 819 647-2404). Beaux Arbres brings seeds to local Seedy Saturdays and nursery plants to farmers’ markets, and specialty sales in Ottawa. Well worth the drive to see their demonstration gardens. Events

Connaught Nursery
Cobden Ontario

Site includes a woodland restored from “scratch.” Locally native wildflowers, ferns and mosses, vines, shrubs, and trees. Owners have over 30 years’ experience in horticulture, a wealth of information, and a passion for propagating local species.

Ferguson Tree Nursery
Kemptville, Ontario

Range of native trees and shrubs available as bare root stock (multiples of 10) or in pots (minimum of 10, mixed species). Limited number of perennials. Pre-ordering required.

Fletcher Wildlife Garden
Ottawa, Ontario

Annual native plant sale of wildflowers and some trees and shrubs: late May, early June. 

North American Native Plant Society

Seed exchange.

Nursery for the Earth
Committed to helping you restore biodiversity, we sell plants that are considered native to within 100 km of our nursery in Bristol, Quebec. We also sell plants that are native to eastern North America and naturalized here. Trees, shrubs, vines, wildflowers, ferns, grasses, sedges, rushes.

Ottawa Wildflower Seed Library
Just like a regular library, the Ottawa Wildflower Seed Library provides free seeds and plants that people can “check out” to grow in their own gardens. Once the plants have flowered and gone to seed, people can “return” some seeds to the library to make them available for other people.

Solidago Farm Native Plant Nursery
This family-operated small native plant nursery is located in Wakefield, Quebec. It sells plants grown from seed collected from the Ottawa/Gatineau region, with some select species from central or southern Ontario. See its website and Facebook page for more information and a plant list.

Pollinator habitat on farmland

Xerces Society

Pollinator conservation in agriculture
Establishing Pollinator Meadows from Seed
Pollinators and roadsides

Michigan State University: extension bulletin

Conserving native bees on farmland

United States Department of Agriculture: agroforestry notes

Enhancing nest sites for native crop pollinators

Farms at work

Native pollinators on farms

Homes for pollinators

Pollination Guelph

Making homes for pollinators

Xerces Society

Nests for native bees

Fletcher Wildlife Garden

Instructions for building a mason bee box

Great Pollinator Project

Nesting habitat

Getting to know wild pollinators

Wild Pollinator Partners’ resources

See our blog posts in the Meet the pollinators category – include posts on individual pollinator types as well as photos (and ID where known) from pollinator surveys
Luca’s identification guide
Slides from Jessica Forrest’s presentation showing the diversity of the main groups of local bees

Ohio State University webinar series

Tending nature: native plants and every gardener’s role in fostering biodiversity

6 presentations, featuring entomologists, gardeners, conservationists


Native pollinators and agriculture in Canada

 Canadian Wildlife Federation

Explore our pollinators
Pollinators: from flowers to food to our future

CRAAQ (Cultiver l’Expertise Diffuser le Savoir)

Guide d’identification et de gestion – Pollinisateurs et plantes mellifères

Heather Holm

Bees: an identification and native plant forage guide
Pollinators of native plants

Pollination Guelph

Pollination-pollinator overview

Jeff Skevington and Michelle Locke

Field guide to the flower flies of northeastern North America

TED talk: Joseph Wilson

Video: Save the bees! Wait, was that a bee?

Identifying native plants

WPP blog post

Wildflowers: what’s native? – includes local lists and assessments based on what has been found in our area by expert botanists

Fletcher Wildlife Garden

Photo galleries

Fleures du Québec

Fleures sauvages du Québec 

Glossaire botanique, flore vasculaire, et plus


Database of vascular plants of Canada

Name search
Checklist builder

Ontario Wildflowers

Online field guide on Ontario’s wildflowers

Canadian Wildlife Federation
Quick searches by plant name, gardening need/plant type and province.

Native plant encyclopedia

Pollinator researchers in Canada

In our region

Sophie Cardinal, adjunct research professor, Carleton University
Developing new molecular and morphological tools to better understand our beneficial native pollinators.

Jessica Forrest, assistant professor, University of Ottawa
Studying the evolutionary ecology of plant–pollinator interactions and exploring how pollinators and animal-pollinated plants are coping in a world that is getting hotter and more densely populated by humans.

Heather Kharouba, assistant professor, University of Ottawa
Studying how and why species (butterflies, bumblebees) are responding to global change, and what those responses mean for ecological communities.

Jeremy Kerr, professor, University of Ottawa
Discovering specific causes for biodiversity decline and degradation of ecosystem function, including pollination and pollinators.

Ilona Naujokaitis-Lewis, research scientist, National Wildlife Research Centre, Environment and Climate Change Canada
Understanding demographic drivers of species responses to climate change and land-use land-cover change, including drivers of native pollinator declines and pollination potential modeling

Risa Sargent, associate professor, University of Ottawa
Applying the principles of evolutionary ecology to questions about how plants interact with their biotic and abiotic environment, including the roles of pollinators in diverse environments.

Jeff Skevington, adjunct research professor, research scientist, Carleton University
Assessing interactions and impacts between arthropod biodiversity and agricultural practices (including pollinating flies), developing a national arthropod information system and systematic knowledge of beneficial arthropods such as pollinators.

Elsewhere in Canada

Sheila Colla, assistant professor, York University
“As pollinators and pollination have become important issues among policymakers and the public in recent years, my work has become more interdisciplinary.”

Elizabeth Elle, professor, Simon Fraser University
“Human impacts go beyond fragmentation of habitat to other modifications.  We are interested in how anthropogenic impacts from farming to logging to cattle grazing affect bee communities and pollination services. ”

Valérie Fournier, assistant professor, Université Laval
Research projects linked with the issues of declining pollinators and their conservation in agricultural environments.
LEARN MORE (in French)

Paul Galpern, associate professor, University of Calgary
Studying how landscape context and climate change affect wild pollinator status and decline, as well and pollination services in natural and agricultural landscapes.

Scott MacIvor, assistant professor, University of Toronto
“The specific objective of my research program is to understand how people influence the ecology and diversity of plants and pollinators, and the interactions between them.”

Lawrence Packer, professor of biology and environmental studies, York University
“I am a melittologist. A melittologist is someone whose main academic passion is the study of wild bees. This means someone who studies bees other than the domesticated western honey bee.”

Nigel Raine, Rebanks Family Chair in Pollinator Conservation, University of Guelph
Nigel and members of the Raine Lab study the behaviour and ecology of pollinators, and the impacts of environmental stressors (e.g. pesticide exposure) on pollinator health.

Cory Sheffield, curator of invertebrate zoology, Royal Saskatchewan Museum
“My research interests are primarily focused on all aspects of bees, including their diversity and taxonomy, ecology, and conservation with particular focus on the Canadian fauna.”